Muslim: Book 001, Number 0176:
It is narrated on the authority of Usama b. Zaid that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sent us in a raiding party. We raided Huraqat of Juhaina in the morning. I caught hold of a man and he said: There is no god but Allah, I attacked him with a spear. It once occurred to me and I talked about it to the Apostle (may peace be upon him). The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Did he profess" There is no god but Allah," and even then you killed him? I said: Messenger of Allah, he made a profession of it out of the fear of the weapon. He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Did you tear his heart in order to find out whether it had professed or not? And he went on repeating it to me till I wished I had embraced Islam that day.
Sa'd said: By Allah, I would never kill any Muslim so long as a person with a heavy belly, i. e., Usama, would not kill. Upon this a person remarked: Did Allah not say this: And fight them until there is no more mischief and religion is wholly for Allah? Sa'd said: We fought so that there should be no mischief, but you and your companions wish to fight so that there should be mischief.
Mohammad sure knew how to tellif someone was lying - just pluck out their hearts. Amidst this revelation, the Islamic justice system has begun to pluck out the hearts of people in order to find out if they are telling the truth.
1) Why did Mohammad find it necessary to pluck one's heart out in order to see if they were telling the truth?
a) Was intuition not enough, like Sa'd?
b) How about logic and reasoning skills? (This may be problematic, where Muslims, following Mohammad's queue in outlwaing chess, may have outlawed any form of thought that involves reasoning abilities - http://muslimhadith.blogspot.com/2008/06/mohammad-forbid-muslims-to-play-chess.html)
c) How about evidence?
d) How about from the person's mouth rather than plucking out his heart to see the truth?
2) Did Allah's Apostle find it more helpful to talk to inanimate objects like the belly of a dead animal to know the truth?
Tabari VI:66-67: ""We were sitting by an idol a month before the Messenger commenced his mission, having slaughtered camels. Suddenly we heard a voice calling from the belly of one: 'Listen to the wonder; There will be no more eavesdropping to overhear inspiration; We throw down shooting stars for a prophet in Mecca; His name is Ahmad. His place of emigration is Yathri.' We held back and marveled; then the Messenger began his mission."
a) Did Allah's Apostle find mammalian entrails to be more convincing than oral or written testimony?
b) Why dont more Muslim countries follow Mohammad's example in adopting this new form of evidence?
c) After all, if the entrails of a dead animal are a full proof method of determining the truth for Mohammad, than it should be good enough for every believer?
3) On a side note, why does the hadith say "There is no god but Allah, I attacked him with a spear." If Allah means God, than shouldn't it be "there is no Allah but Allah?"
a) Or, someone with knowledge of classical Arabic can attest to, the Arabic word for God is "Illah" and Allah is the name of one of many gods who lived in the Kabba (Afterall, Mohammad's father's name was Abdallah [slave to Allah])
b) When asking the cleric/mullah/other expert, it is best to "tear his heart in order to find out whether it had professed or not"
4) Sa'd makes the point that some Muslims fight just to make mischief?
a) Does that apply today?
b) Did Sahih Muslim include this hadith to show that Muslims were fighting because of blood lust rather than removing mischief, and that ultimately, their fighting caused more mischief than it ended?
c) Does this mean that some Muslims should ACTUALLY start to act like Sa'd and question other Muslims who fight too much?
i) Maybe strapping one's child to a bomb to blow themselves up may not be the answer to life's problems?
5) Finally, at the beginning of this hadith, it sates that Mohammad sent his troops on a raiding party.
a) Raids are unprovoked stirkes.
b) Why would Allah's Apostle raid another party?
c) Why did he want to cause mischief where non-existed?
d) Was Sa'd indirectly accusing the Prophet of causing mischief where none existed?
e) Where are Sa'd's and Mohammad's remains?
i) Maybe digging up their hearts will give us the answers we need in determining these questions, by using Mohammad's bulletproof method of deciphering the truth